A website is a set of related web pages hosted on a web server. The site structure includes a home page with most of the links to the site’s web content, and supplementary, contact, and link pages. The pages of a website can be accessed from a URL that is typed or displayed in the address bar of a web browser.
The URLs of the pages organize them into a hierarchy. Some websites require a subscription to access some or of their content. Examples of subscription websites include many business sites, journal websites, gaming websites, file-sharing websites, web-based email, and social Networking websites.
How does a user view a webpage?
A user may view a web page on the WWW normally by typing the URL or web address of the page into the address bar of a web browser. The web browser, then initiates a series of communication messages, behind the scenes, in order to fetch and display the desired web page. A user may also view the page by following a hyperlink to that page.
HTTP functions as a request-response protocol in the client-
Server computing model. A web browser, for example, maybe the client and application running on a computer hosting a website may be the server. The client submits an HTTP request message to the server. The server returns a response message (in the form of HTML files and other content), to the client.
What is a web server?
A web server is a computer system that stores websites on the Internet and delivers web pages to viewers upon request. This means delivery of HTML documents and any additional content that may be included in a document, such as images, style sheets, and scripts. Every web server has an Internet Protocol (IP) address and possibly a domain name.
For example, if the user types the URL https://nimlm/index.html in the browser, the browser sends a request to the Web server, whose domain name is nimlm.com The server then fetches the page named index.html and sends it to the user’s browser.
What is a domain?
A domain or domain name is an online identity for an organization or a company, which allows Internet users from around the world to locate a Web server Data server and browse its website 24 hours a day, seven days a week. A domain is also a group of computers and devices on a network that are administered as a unit with common rules and procedures.
All devices sharing a common part of the IP address are said to be in the same domain. Domain names serve as humanly memorable names for Internet participants, like computers, networks, and services. Organizations can choose a domain name that corresponds to their name, helping Internet users to reach them easily. Every domain name has a suffix that indicates the type of organization or
Geographical location. For example:
gov – Government agencies
Edu – Educational institutions
. org – Organizations (nonprofit) mil- Military
com – Commercial business
net – Network organizations ca – Canada
th – Thailand